What is 5G technology, the Source of the Trump vs Huawei Dispute

5G Technology

The very fast "fifth-generation (5G)" mobile internet is being discussed in the world because of the controversy because it was developed by a Chinese company, Huawei Technologies, which is suspected of being a tool for the Chinese government to spy on other countries. However, do you know what is 5G?

Citing the BBC, 5G internet technology is the latest generation of internet networks, which promises download speeds of 10 to 20 times faster than currently available internet speeds and is likely to launch early next year in several countries.

Here are some things to note regarding 5G. 

What exactly is 5G?

As explained above, 5G is the fifth generation of mobile internet connectivity that promises much faster data download and upload speeds, wider coverage, and a more stable connection.

This network makes better use of the radio spectrum and allows more devices to be able to access the mobile internet at the same time.

What can be done with 5G?

"Whatever we do now with our smartphones, we will be able to do it faster and better," said Ian Fogg of OpenSignal, a mobile data analytics company.

"Think of smart glasses featuring augmented reality (AR), mobile virtual reality, higher quality video, and the internet making cities smarter. But what's really interesting is all the new services that will be built that we couldn't predict before. "

With the use of 5G, it's possible that humans can get swarms of drones working together to carry out search and rescue missions, fire assessments, and traffic monitoring, all of which communicate wirelessly with each other and ground base stations via the 5G network.

Many also think that 5G will be essential for self-driving vehicles to be able to communicate with each other and read live maps and traffic data.

In fact, mobile games are smoother to play, with less delay or latency, which can be easily used by simply pressing a button on the controller and seeing the effect on the screen. Mobile video and video calls are clearer and uninterrupted.

A wearable fitness device with a 5G network can monitor the health of its users in real-time, notifying doctors as soon as an emergency occurs.

How does 5G technology work?

There are a number of new technologies that may be implemented, but the standards are not yet established for all 5G protocols. The higher frequency bands, 3.5GHz (gigahertz) to 26GHz and above, have a lot of capacity but their shorter wavelengths could mean lower coverage. This allows the current network to be more easily blocked by physical objects.

Therefore the creation of new technologies is likely to be implemented, for example by constructing several smaller telephone poles, which are positioned closer to the ground to transmit what is known as a "millimeter wave" between a much higher number of transmitters and receivers. This will allow for a higher density of use. Unfortunately, technology is expensive and telecommunications companies have not fully committed to developing it.

Is 5G very different from 4G?

The answer to that question is "yes". 5G is an entirely new radio technology, but initially, 5G will likely only be used by network operators as a way to increase capacity on existing 4G (LTE - Long-Term Evolution) networks, to ensure more consistent service for customers.

The speed a user gets will also depend on which spectrum band the operator uses to run the 5G technology and the number of funds the operator invests in new masts and transmitters.

How fast is the 5G speed?

The fastest 4G cellular networks currently offer an average of around 45Mbps (megabits per second), although the industry still hopes to reach 1Gbps (gigabits per second = 1,000Mbps).

Chipmaker Qualcomm thinks 5G can achieve browsing and download speeds of about 10 to 20 times faster in real-world conditions. However, this statement contradicts the results of current research.

With 5G, users will likely be able to download a high-size movie in just a minute.

There is also a type of Standalone 5G network that is expected to have a very high frequency of 30GHz, but unfortunately, this network is confirmed not to be available in a few years.

Why is 5G needed?

The world is constantly changing and humanity is consuming more and more data every year, especially as the popularity of streaming video and music increases. The existing spectrum band is getting congested, leading to breakdowns in service, especially when many people in the same area are trying to access online cellular services at the same time.

5G is much better at handling thousands of devices simultaneously, from cell phones to equipment sensors to video cameras to smart street lights.When will 5G be used?

Most countries are unlikely to launch 5G services before 2020, but Ooredoo Qatar says it has launched a commercial service, while South Korea is targeting launching it next year, with its three largest network operators agreeing to launch at the same time. China is also racing to launch services in 2019.

Meanwhile, regulators around the world are busy auctioning spectrum for telcos, which have been experimenting with cell phone makers loading the new service.

Does using a 5G network mean you need a new phone?

It seems that it is. But when 4G was introduced in 2009/2010, compatible smartphones were rolled out to the market before the infrastructure was fully finalized, leaving some consumers feeling at the expense of paying dearly while the network was being developed.

This time, said Ian Fogg, cellphone makers are unlikely to make the same mistake, and only launch 5G phones only when the new network is ready, which may be done towards the end of 2019. These next-generation phones will be able to switch automatic networks between 4G and 5G networks to produce more stable service.

Does this mean the end of your home or office phone service?

Does not seem. Telecommunications companies have invested too much in fiber optic and copper broadband wireless cables to expand quickly. Domestic and office broadband services will be fixed line lines for the next few years, although wireless access will still be available.

Even as good as wireless connectivity is, many prefer the stability and certainty of a physical network.

Will 5G work in rural areas?

Lack of signal and low data rates in rural areas are common complaints in the UK and many other countries. But 5G will not necessarily solve this problem because it will operate in high-frequency bands that have a lot of capacity but cover a shorter distance. 5G will primarily be urban services for densely populated areas.

Lower frequency bands (typically 600-800Mhz) are better at longer distances, so network operators will concentrate on increasing their 4G LTE coverage in parallel with the 5G rollout.

This can certainly be used as a business opportunity for operators wishing to expand their network coverage in remote areas, which are not yet covered by the internet.

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